In 1991 the central rail station moved from "Hauptbahnhof" (English: main station) (today only used for regional trains) to "Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe".In 1558, the first German observatory was built in Kassel, followed in 1604 by the Ottoneum, the first permanent German theatre building.In 1870, after the Battle of Sedan, Napoleon III was sent as a prisoner to the castle of Wilhelmshohe above the city.During World War I the German military headquarters were located in the castle of Wilhelmshohe.
Kassel was its capital and became a centre of Calvinist Protestantism in Germany.The US 80th Infantry Division captured Kassel in bitter house-to-house fighting during 2–4 April 1945, which included numerous German panzer-grenadier counterattacks, and resulted in further widespread devastation to bombed and unbombed structures alike. date seiten Bremen Post-war, most of the ancient buildings were not restored, and large parts of the city area were completely rebuilt in the style of the 1950s.In the late 18th Century, Hesse-Kassel became infamous for selling mercenaries (Hessians) to the British crown to help suppress the American Revolution and to finance the construction of palaces and the Landgrave’s opulent lifestyle.In the early 19th century, the Brothers Grimm lived in Kassel.
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The city's name is derived from the ancient Castellum Cattorum, a castle of the Chatti, a German tribe that had lived in the area since Roman times.Kassel was first mentioned in 913 AD, as the place where two deeds were signed by King Conrad I.Since 1955 the Documenta, an international exhibition of modern and contemporary art, has been held regularly in Kassel. The last exhibition, d OCUMENTA (13), was held in 2012. suchen frau kostenlos Bremerhaven As a result of the Documenta 6 (1977), Kassel became the first town in the world to be illuminated by laser beams at night (Laserscape, by artist Horst H. This laser installation is nowadays still visible at weekends.In 1685, Kassel became a refuge for 1,700 Huguenots who found shelter in the newly established borough of Oberneustadt.
Landgrave Charles, who was responsible for this humanitarian act, also ordered the construction of the Oktagon and of the Orangerie.They collected and wrote most of their fairy tales there.At that time, around 1803, the Landgraviate was elevated to a Principality and its ruler to Prince-elector.The place was called Chasella and was a fortification at a bridge crossing the Fulda river.A deed from 1189 certifies that Cassel had city rights, but the date when they were granted is not known.